Fluidized Bed Combustion - Definition, glossary, details

A variation on PC combustion is fluid-bed combustion in which coal is burned with air in a fluid bed, typically a circulating fluid bed (CFB). CFBs are best suited to low-cost waste fuels and low quality or low heating value coals. Crushed coal and limestone are fed into the bed, where the limestone undergoes calcination to produce lime (CaO). The fluid bed consists mainly of lime, with a few percent coal, and recirculated coal char. The bed operates at significantly lower temperatures, about 427° C (800° F), which thermodynamically favours low NOx formation and SO2 capture by reaction with CaO to form CaSO4. The steam cycle can be subcritical and potentially supercritical, as with PC combustion, and generating efficiencies are similar. The primary advantage of CFB technology is its capability to capture SO2 in the bed, and its flexibility to a wide range of coal properties, including coals with low heating value, high-ash coals and low-volatile coals, and to changes in coal type during operation. Several new lignite-burning CFB units have been constructed recently, and CFBs are well suited to co-firing biomass.

Other Terms

Fossil Fuels Flue Gas Fuel Cell
Flue Gas Desulphurization (FGD) Fischer-Tropsch process Flooding

Power Plant CCS - Glossary

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